- (c. 990–1073)Order Founder and Saint.John was a Benedictine monk, first at San Miniato, Italy and then at Camaldoli. Later in Vallumbrosa, he formed his own community based on a modified form of the Rule of St Benedict, but with a greater emphasis on austerity and penance. The Vallumbrosian monks spread throughout ltaly and the order still exists. Members lead a hermit-like existence and it is essentially a contemplative order. Laybrothers were introduced to do manual work and perpetual silence is observed. At one stage galileo was a Vallumbrosian novice.The Catholic University of America, New Catholic Encyclopaedia (1967).
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